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Title: A Review of Natural Fibers Used in Biocomposites: Plant, Animal and Regenerated Cellulose Fibers
Authors: Ramamoorthy, Sunil Kumar
Skrifvars, Mikael
Persson, Anders
Department: University of Borås. School of Engineering
University of Borås. Swedish School of Textiles
Issue Date: 28-Jan-2015
Journal Title: Polymer Reviews
ISSN: 1558-3724
Volume: 55
Issue: 1
Pages: 107-162
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Media type: text
Publication type: article, peer reviewed scientific
Keywords: Natural fiber composite
Plant Fiber
Animal Fiber
Bast Fiber
Leaf Fiber
Subject Category: Subject categories::Natural Sciences::Chemical Sciences::Organic Chemistry::Polymer Chemistry
Subject categories::Engineering and Technology::Materials Engineering
Research Group: Polymer Group
Area of Research: Polymer Composites
Natural fiber composites
Sustainable materials
Strategic Research Area: Resource Recovery
Abstract: Natural fibers today are a popular choice for applications in composite manufacturing. Based on the sustainability benefits, biofibers such as plant fibers are replacing synthetic fibers in composites. These fibers are used to manufacture several biocomposites. The chemical composition and properties of each of the fibers changes, which demands the detailed comparison of these fibers. The reinforcement potential of natural fibers and their properties have been described in numerous papers. Today, high performance biocomposites are produced from several years of research. Plant fibers, particularly bast and leaf, find applications in automotive industries. While most of the other fibers are explored in lab scales they have not yet found large-scale commercial applications. It is necessary to also consider other fibers such as ones made from seed (coir) and animals (chicken feather) as they are secondary or made from waste products. Few plant fibers such as bast fibers are often reviewed briefly but other plant and animal fibers are not discussed in detail. This review paper discusses all the six types of plant fibers such as bast, leaf, seed, straw, grass, and wood, together with animal fibers and regenerated cellulose fibers. Additionally, the review considers developments dealing with natural fibers and their composites. The fiber source, extraction, availability, type, composition, and mechanical properties are discussed. The advantages and disadvantages of using each biofiber are discussed. Three fabric architectures such as nonwoven, woven and knitted have been briefly discussed. Finally, the paper presents the overview of the results from the composites made from each fiber with suitable references for in-depth studies.
DOI: 10.1080/15583724.2014.971124
Sustainable development: sustainable development
Appears in Collections:Artiklar och rapporter / Articles and reports (IH)

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